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In Melbourne Shabbat begins Fri 30 Jun 2017 04:52 PM and ends Sat 1 Jul 2017 05:52 PM

Parshat Bereshit Summary

בס׳ד
כ"ז תשרי ה' אלפים תש"ע


 
shabbat
Graphics courtesy of Aish.com

Parshat Bereshit details the creation of the world and man concluding with Shabbat.

Hashem creates the world in six days. On the first day He makes darkness and light, the second day He forms the heavens, dividing the "upper" and "lower waters." On the third day He sets the boundaries of land and sea and creates trees and plants. On the fourth day creates the sun, moon and stars as timekeepers and illuminators of the earth. Fish, birds and reptiles are created on the fifth day while land-animals, and then Man is created on the sixth. G-d ceases work on the seventh day, (Shabbat) and sanctifies this as a day of rest.

Hashem forms the human body from the dust of the earth and blows into his nostrils a "living soul." Originally Man is a single person, but deciding that "it is not good that man be alone," G-d takes a "side" from the man, forms it into a woman, and marries them to each other.

Adam and Chava (Eve) are placed in the Garden of Eden and commanded not to eat from the "Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil." The serpent persuades Eve to violate the command, and she shares the forbidden fruit with her husband. Because of their sin, it is decreed that man will experience death. All gain will come through struggle and hardship. Man is banished from the Garden.

Chava gives birth to two sons, Kayin (Cain) and Hevel (Abel). Cain quarrels with Abel and murders him, and becomes a homeless wanderer. A third son is born to Adam and Chava - Seth, whose tenth-generation descendant, Noah, is the only righteous man in a corrupt world.

1st Aliya: The creation of the universe is detailed day by day concluding with the creation of Shabbat.

2nd and 3rd Aliya: The creation of Adam and Chava and the story of Gan Eden is detailed.

4th Aliya: Adam and Chava are expelled from Gan Eden and the story of Kayin and Hevel is related.

5th, 6th, and 7th Aliyot: Parshat Bereshit covers year 1 (the creation of humankind) through the birth of Noach's three sons in 1556.

Haftorah Mochor Chodesh

Being that tomorrow is Rosh Chodesh, the Haftorah is exclusive for a Shabbat that coincides with Erev Rosh Chodesh. The Haftorah is from Shmuel I Chapter. 20. It describes the emotional parting between Yehonasan the son of Shaul, and Dovid, the future king of Israel. The Gemara states that the greatest love ever manifested between two people was the love that existed between Yehonasan and Dovid.

Dovid had already been anointed by Shmuel to succeed Shaul as king, and his relationship with his mentor, King Shaul, had deteriorated to the extent that Dovid had to flee for his life. Yehonasan, wanting to ascertain the extent of Shaul's hatred for Dovid, devised a plan, whereby Dovid would be absent from Shaul's Rosh Chodesh meal. If his father acted lovingly in asking about Dovid's absence, then it would be safe for Dovid to return. If not, Dovid would flee. In the end, Dovid was forced to flee Shaul's wrath. The extraordinary aspect of Yehonasan's love for Dovid was the fact that he protected Dovid with his life, even though he knew that Dovid would succeed Shaul as king, rather than himself.


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