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In Melbourne Shabbat begins Fri 3 Apr 2020 06:52 PM and ends Sat 4 Apr 2020 07:50 PM

The 9 days

ד' אב ה' אלפים תשס"ח


The Nine Days: Rosh Chodesh Av - Tisha B'Av:

Wine/meat: Partaking of wine (grape juice) or meat (poultry) (excluding Shab­bos - this year falls on Rosh Chodesh 2nd August and Erev Tisha B'Av 9th August) is prohibited. Included in this Issur are dishes made/garnished with the above items. An individual completing a major portion of learning (Mesechta, Tractate of Mishnayos, etc.) may partake of wine and meat and may invite others who would normally join him in his simchah to share his meal. This leniency should not be abused.

Havdalah wine on Saturday night should be given to a minor. In the absence of a child one may drink it himself.

Laundering: Except for children's clothing that is habitually dirtied, clothes should not be washed, dry cleaned, or ironed during the nine days. Newly washed or starched clothing and bed sheets may not be used even if cleaned prior to Rosh Chodesh. One may wear freshly cleaned clothing briefly before the nine days to facilitate the wear afterwards. Unstarched shirts, stockings and underwear needed for the nine days may be washed beforehand and worn. Regular Shabbos clothes may be worn on Shabbos. New clothing should not be worn.

Fresh towels may be used during the entire 9 days. A fresh tablecloth may only be used on Shabbos. Major home improvements should not be done.

Swimming and bathing for pleasure are prohibited during the 9 days, but showering to remove dirt or sweat is permissible (Aruch HaShulchan orach chayim siman 551:37 and Moadai Yeshurun citing R' Moshe Feinstein), as are full preparations required for family purity. Washing one's face, hands and feet with cold water is permissible. Warm water soap and shampoo may be used if needed for the removal of dirt/perspiration.

Individuals accustomed to bathing/sham­pooing with hot water every Erev Shabbos may do so Erev Shabbos Chazon as well (according to Rav Moshe Feinstein).


Regular Erev Tisha b'Av (8th of Av):

After chatzos (Halachic Midday), one should refrain from learning Torah topics unrelated to the events of Tisha B'Av (Rama, Orach Chayim 553:2), even when this coincides with Shabbos. Others maintain that all learning is permissible on Erev Tisha B'av following chatzos, regardless if it coincides with Shabbos, or not (Mishneh B'rurah Orach Chaim 553:8 and 9).

A large meal enabling one to fast well should be eaten prior to Minchah. After minchah the Seudah Hamafsekes (last meal) is eaten, consisting of a cold hard-boiled egg (customarily dipped in ashes), bread and water, eaten while seated on the ground, away from others. Three men having sat together do not recite Birchas Hamazon B'Zimun.


Erev Tisha b'Av Falling on Shabbos (8th of Av - Shabbos 9th August):

No classic Seudah Hamafseskes is partaken of, and Seudah Shlishis may consist of meat, wine and any cooked dishes one has prepared before Shabbos. As usual though, one may eat only until sunset (5:40 PM), so minchah (3:45 PM) is davened at an earlier time. Birchas Hamazon may be recited b'zimun (3 or more men).

One should clean out one's mouth by 5:40PM and may brush one's teeth.

Maariv: Will be held later than usual to allow people time to say "Baruch Hamavdil", put on their sneakers, wash one's hands up to one's knuckles and come to Shule for Ma'ariv and Eicha.

Havdalah: A) the blessing over the fire is said on Saturday night. B) The blessing over the wine and Hamavdil are said on Sunday night. C) No blessing over the spice is said at all.


Tisha B'Av

The laws of Tisha B'Av go into effect at sunset of the 9th day of Av and end at approximately 45 minutes after sunset the following evening.

Eating, drinking, washing one's body, anointing one's self, wearing leather shoes and marital relations are forbidden on Tisha B'Av. Nursing mothers, whose fasting may jeopardize the infant, should consult a physician. Everyone else, being in good heath, should fast.

One may not wash any part of the body, except the fingers of both hands up to the knuckles, upon rising in the morning and after using the bathroom. One may use the moist residue to clear his eyes in the morning. Dirt may be removed by using water solely on that locale. One who perspires greatly may use a deodorant.

Sitting: If possible (excluding people with back problems), one should not sit higher than 12 inches above the ground until chatzos, Halachic mid-day, which this year is on Sunday at 12:26 PM.

One's manner of sleep should be altered on Tisha B'Av night (using fewer pillows, etc) to manifest the discomfort felt over the loss of the Bais Hamikdosh.

Sunbathing is forbidden.

Torah study dealing with subjects other than Tisha B'Av is forbidden. Permitted study includes Sefer Iyov, Yirmiyahu, Gemara Gittin 56b).

Preparations for the meal-after-the-fast should not be made until after chatzos.

Prayers on Tisha B'Av: Megillas Eicha (Lamentations) is recited on the night of Tisha B'Av and during the day, following the recitations of Kinos. The Tallis Katan (tzitzis) is put on in the morning with a Brachah. One should not kiss the tzitzis during the Sh'ma. Tallis and Tfillin are not worn until the minchah. After Shachris, it is customary to visit a Jewish cemetery. The prayer Nacheim is added in the Minchah Shemoneh Esrai in the blessing of Bonai Yerushalayim. She­moneh Esrai is not repeated if Nacheim is forgotten. One who must eat on Tisha B'Av should recite the Nacheim in Birkat Hamazon before the brochah of U'vnai Yerushalayim. The blessing of the new moon is recited after Maariv when one has changed into his shoes.


The Tenth of Av (Mon 11th August)

Since the majority of the Bais Hamikdash actually burned down on the 10th of Av, several restrictions remain until after halachic mid-day of the 10th (12:26 PM). These include the eating of meat and wine, listening to music, shaving, showering, laundering & haircutting. (Showers may be taken to remove sweat or dirt).


Shabbat August 9th

3:45PM Minchah

4:15PM Return home to eat Seudah Shlishit & clean out one's mouth

5:40PM Fast commences

6:22PM Shabbat concludes

               Say Baruch Hamavdil ben kodesh l'chol

               Change into sneakers

               Wash hands until knuckles

               Return to shule

6:40PM Ma'ariv

6:50PM Borei Me'orei haEsh is said in Shule


7:30PM Annual Yad Yocheved video in Goldberger Hall

               Rav Yoni's shiur in Bet Midrash

Sunday August 10th

8:00AM Shacharit (first minyan)

9:00AM Shacharit (second minyan)

12:26PM Halachic midday

3:45PM Screening of The Home Game" on the evacuation of Gush Katif

5:15PM Minchah

6:00PM Ma'ariv

6:19PM Fast concludes

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