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In Melbourne Shabbat begins Fri 3 Apr 2020 06:52 PM and ends Sat 4 Apr 2020 07:50 PM

From the Rabbi’s desk: Laws of Tish'a B'Av

ח' אב ה' אלפים תשע"ב

FROM THE RABBI’S DESK- Hilchos Tisha B’Av:

(Regular Shabbos clothing is worn on Shabbos.)

(Fresh towels may be used during the entire 9 days and a fresh tablecloth may be used on Shabbos)

(Individuals accustomed to bathing/shampooing with hot water every Erev Shab-bos may do so Erev Shabbos Chazon as well (according to Rav Moshe Feinstein).

9th of Av coinciding with Shabbos

(9th of Av - Shabbos 28th July):
No classic Seudah Hamafseskes is partaken of, and Seudah Shlishis may consist of meat, wine and any cooked dishes one has prepared before Shabbos. As usual though, one may eat only until sunset (5:30 PM), so minchah (3:30 PM) is davened at an earlier time. Birchas Hamazon may be recited b’zimun (3 or more men).

One should clean out/brush one’s mouth by 5:30PM.

Maariv: Will be held later than usual to allow people time to say “Baruch Hamavdil ben kodesh l’chol”, put on their sneakers, wash their hands up to the knuckles and come to Shule for Ma’ariv and Eicha.

Havdalah: A) the blessing over the fire is said on Saturday night. B) The blessing over the wine and Hamavdil are said on Sunday night. C) No blessing over the spice is said at all.

Tisha B’Av – Commemorated this year on Sunday, July 29, 10 Av
The laws of Tisha B’Av go into effect at sunset on Shabbos, 5:30pm, and end at approximately 45 minutes after sunset the following evening at 6:10pm.

Eating, drinking, washing one’s body, anointing one’s self, wearing leather shoes and marital relations are forbid-den on Tisha B’Av. Nursing mothers, whose fasting may jeopardize the infant, should consult a physician.

Everyone else, being in good heath, should fast.

One may not wash any part of the body, except the fingers of both hands up to the knuckles, upon rising in the morning and after using the bathroom. One may use the moist residue to clear his eyes in the morning. Dirt may be removed by using water solely on that locale. Deodorant may be used.

Sitting: If possible (excluding people with back problems), one should not sit higher than 12 inches above the ground until chatzos, Halachic mid-day, which this year is on Sunday at 12:27 PM.

One’s manner of sleep should be altered on Tisha B’Av night (using fewer pil-lows, etc) to manifest the discomfort felt over the loss of the Bais Hamikdosh.

Sunbathing is forbidden.

Torah study dealing with subjects other than Tisha B’Av is forbidden. Permitted study includes Sefer Iyov, Yirmiyahu, Gemara Gittin 56b).

Preparations for the meal-after-the-fast should not be made until after chatzos.

Prayers on Tisha B’Av: Megillas Eicha (Lamentations) is recited on the night of Tisha B’Av and during the day, followed by the recitations of Kinos. The Tallis Katan (tzitzis) is put on in the morning with a Brachah. One should not kiss the tzitzis during the Sh’ma. Tallis and Tfillin are not worn until the minchah. After Shachris, it is customary to visit a Jewish cemetery. The prayer Nacheim is added in the Minchah Shemoneh Esrai in the blessing of Bonai Yerushalayim. Shemoneh Esrai is not repeated if Nacheim is forgotten. One who must eat on Tisha B’Av should recite the Nacheim in Birkat Hamazon before the brochah of U’vnai Yerushalayim. The blessing of the new moon is recited after Maariv when one has changed into his shoes.
Monday July 30, 11 Av.

Since the majority of the Bais Hamikdash actually burned down on the 10th of Av, when Tisha B’Av falls midweek, several restrictions remain until after halachic mid-day of the 10th. These include the eating of meat and wine, listen-ing to music, shaving, showering, laundering & haircutting. (Showers may be taken to remove sweat or dirt). When Tisha B’Av is observed on the 10th of Av itself, as this year, meat and wine may not be consumed on Sunday even-ing, but everything else is permitted at once, with no restrictions pertaining to Monday, the day afterwards.

Shabbat July 28th

3:30PM Minchah (Bet Yehuda)

4:00PM Return home to eat Seudah Shlishit – even meat and wine & clean out one’s mouth

5:30PM Fast commences

6:13PM Shabbat concludes

Say Baruch Hamavdil ben ko-desh l’chol

Change into runners

Wash hands until knuckles

Return to shule

6:35PM Ma’ariv

6:45PM Borei Me’orei haEsh is said in Shule


7:30PM “The True View, How seeing the good in others will help re-build the Bais Hamikdash” vid-eo in Goldberger Hall

7:30PM Rav Dudi’s shiur “Agadot Ha-churban?” in Bet Midrash

Sunday July 29th

8:00AM Shacharit (first minyan) in Bet Yehuda – no tallit/tefilin

9:00AM Shacharit (second minyan) in Bet Haroeh – no tallit/tefilin

10:00AM Rav Haber will deliver a special saying of the Kinot with words of explanation.

12:27PM Halachic midday

3:45PM “The True View, How seeing the good in others will help re-build the Bais Hamikdash” vid-eo in Goldberger Hall

5:05PM Minchah in Bet Yehuda

5:35PM Brig Gen (res) Yalon Farhi will address the Kehillah

6:00PM Ma’ariv in Bet Yehuda
6:10PM Fast concludes


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